Guest Editors:
Katharina Kohse-Höinghaus, Eliseo Ranzi
Copyright © 2016, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l.,
ISBN 978-88-95608-41-9; ISSN 2283-9216

Table of Contents & Authors Index
Biomass Conversion Analysis
Kinetic Characterization of the Residues from the Prune of Apple Trees for Their Use as Energy Vectors 1
Bove D., Moliner C., Baratieri M., Bosio B., Arato E. DOI:10.3303/CET1650001
Value Chain Analysis of Biocarbon Utilisation in Residential Pellet Stoves 7
Kempegowda R., Barta Z., Skreiberg O., Wang L. DOI:10.3303/CET1650002
Upgrading of Olive Tree Trimmings Residue as Biofuel by Hydrothermal Carbonization and Torrefaction: a Comparative Study 13
Volpe M., Fiori L., Volpe R., Messineo A. DOI:10.3303/CET1650003
Anaerobic Digestion of Wheat Grass Under Mesophilic and Thermophilic Conditions and Different Inoculum Sources 19
Silva I., Dionisi D. DOI:10.3303/CET1650004
Ash Deposits Characterization in a Large-scale Municipal Waste-to-energy Incineration Plant 25
Wang L., Oye B., Becidan M., Stuen J., Skreiberg O. DOI:10.3303/CET1650005
Catalytic Gasification of Pinewood in Hydrothermal Conditions for Hydrogen Production 31
Nanda S., Casalino M., Singh Loungia M., Dalai A.K., Gokalp I., Kozinski J. DOI:10.3303/CET1650006
Biomass Gasification in Entrained Flow Reactor: Influence of Wood Particle Size 37
Billaud J., Valin S., Ratel G., Peyrot M., Weiland F., Hedman H., Salvador S. DOI:10.3303/CET1650007
Revamping of the Mantova Chemical District as Short-chain Lignocellulosic Biorefinery 43
Amaral A.F., Santini A.S., Bozzano G., Pirola C., Manenti F. DOI:10.3303/CET1650008
A CFD Model for Biomass Flame-combustion Analysis 49
Gentile G., Debiagi P.E.A., Cuoci A., Frassoldati A., Faravelli T., Ranzi E. DOI:10.3303/CET1650009
CO2 Reactivity Assessment of Woody Biomass Biocarbons for Metallurgical Purposes 55
Wang L., Hovd B., Bui H.H., Valderhaug A., Buo T., Birkeland R., Skreiberg O., Tran K.Q. DOI:10.3303/CET1650010
Characteristic Time Analysis of Biomass Torrefaction Phenomena - Application to Thermogravimetric Analysis Device 61
Gonzalez Martinez M., Dupont C., Thiery S., Meyer X.M., Gourdon C. DOI:10.3303/CET1650011
Understanding the Interactions Between Cellulose and Polypropylene During Fast Co-pyrolysis via Experiments and Dft Calculations 67
Ojha D., Shukla S., Sachin R.S., Vinu R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650012
Dehydration and Dehydrogenation Kinetics of Oh Groups in Biomass Pyrolysis 73
Westmoreland P., Fahey P. DOI:10.3303/CET1650013
Devolatilization and Fragmentation of Solid Lignin-rich Residues from Bioethanol Production in Lab-scale Fluidized Bed Reactors 79
Solimene R., Cammarota A., Chirone R., Leoni P., Rossi N., Salatino P. DOI:10.3303/CET1650014
Detailed Operational Mapping of a Grate Fired Biomass Combustion Plant for Improved Combustion Process Control 85
Khalil R., Malik A., Ku X., Skreiberg O., Fossum M., Becidan M., Lovas T. DOI:10.3303/CET1650015
Anaerobic Digestion and Co-digestion of Oleaginous Microalgae Residues for Biogas Production 91
Barontini F., Biagini E., Dragoni F., Corneli E., Ragaglini G., Bonari E., Tognotti L., Nicolella C. DOI:10.3303/CET1650016
Fast Hydrothermal Treatment of Macro-alga: Characterization of Products 97
Bach Q.V., Tran K.Q., Lystad K.Q. DOI:10.3303/CET1650017
Thermal Decomposition of Biochar from Oxidative Spruce Torrefaction - a Kinetic Study 103
Tran K.Q., Bui H.H. DOI:10.3303/CET1650018
Lignin-based Advanced Biofuels: a Novel Route Towards Aviation Fuels 109
Chiaramonti D., Buffi M., Palmisano P., Redaelli S. DOI:10.3303/CET1650019
Optimization of Activated Carbon Production from Chicken Manure by Chemical Activation with Koh and H3po4 115
Ruiz Ojeda M.P., Fonseca Garcia L., Amado Gonzales E. DOI:10.3303/CET1650020
Experimental and Numerical Studies of Electric Field Effects on Biomass Thermo-chemical Conversion 121
Barmina I., Kolmickovs A., Valdmanis R., Zake M., Kalis H. DOI:10.3303/CET1650021
Experimental and Numerical Studies on Integrated Gasification and Combustion of Biomass 127
Abricka M., Barmina I., Valdmanis R., Zake M., Kalis H. DOI:10.3303/CET1650022
Two-stage Gasification of Untreated and Torrefied Wood 133
Kosov V., Zaichenko V. DOI:10.3303/CET1650023
Implementation of an Adsorption Model in Emso Software for Separation of Ethanol-water Mixture 139
Stinguel L., Wolf-Maciel M.R., Guirardello R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650024
Technical, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Ethanol Production Using a Biochemical-thermochemical Hybrid Route 145
Rezende M., Silva R., Klein B., Junqueira T., Chagas M., Cavalett O., Maciel Filho R., Bonomi A. DOI:10.3303/CET1650025
Use of Two-stage Pyrolysis for Bio-waste Recycling 151
Kosov V., Lavrenov V., Larina O., Zaichenko V. DOI:10.3303/CET1650026
Composition and Morphology of Ash Produced in a Waste-to-energy (wte) Plant 157
Wang L., Oye B., Becidan M., Fossum M., Skreiberg O. DOI:10.3303/CET1650027
Ethanol Fermentation of Cellulosic Hydrolysate from Sugarcane Bagasse to Develop Stand-alone second Generation Ethanol Plant 163
Yamakawa C., Rojas S., Geraldo V., Rivera E., Herrera W., Bonomi A., Rossell C., Maciel Filho R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650028
Modelling and Control of a Continuous Ethanol Fermentation Using a Mixture of Enzymatic Hydrolysate and Molasses from Sugarcane 169
Herrera W., Rivera E., Alvarez L.A., Plazas Tovar L., Tamayo Rojas S., Yamakawa C., Bonomi A., Maciel Filho R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650029
Distributed Activation Energy Modelling for Thermal Decomposition of Microalgae Residues 175
Tran K.Q., Bui H.H., Chen W.H. DOI:10.3303/CET1650030
Catalytic Effect of Char for Tar Cracking in Pyrolysis of Citrus Wastes, Design of a Novel Experimental set Up and first Results 181
Volpe R., Messineo S., Volpe M., Messineo A. DOI:10.3303/CET1650031
Wastewater Stabilisation Ponds System: Global Sensitivity Analysis on Network Design 187
Ochoa M.P., Estrada V., Hoch P. DOI:10.3303/CET1650032
Assessment of the Potential to Increase Electricity Generation from Sugarcane Straw in Brazilian Sugarcane Cogeneration Plants 193
Modesto M., Aoki A., Lodi A., Pina E. DOI:10.3303/CET1650033
Study of the Inhibiting and Temperature Effect of the Phosphonate on Hard Growth Water 199
Bendaoud Boulahlib Y., Ghizellaoui S. DOI:10.3303/CET1650034
Comparative Granular Characteristics of Mesophilc and Thermophilic Uasb Producing Biogas from Palm Oil Mill Effluent 205
Tanikkul P., Phalakornkule C., Champreda V., Pisutpaisal N. DOI:10.3303/CET1650035
Ethanol Production Form Biodiesel-derived Crude Glycerol by Enterobacter Aerogenes 211
Chanthoom K., Tanikkul P., Sirisukpoka U., Pisutpaisal N. DOI:10.3303/CET1650036
Biomass Processes
Biochar Pellet Carbon Footprint 217
Bartocci P., Bidini G., Saputo P., Fantozzi F. DOI:10.3303/CET1650037
Hydrothermal Treatment of Orange Peel Waste for the Integrated Production of Furfural, Levulinic Acid and Reactive Hydrochar: Towards the Application of the Biorefinery Concept 223
Puccini M., Licursi D., Stefanelli E., Vitolo S., Raspolli Galletti A.M., Heeres H.J. DOI:10.3303/CET1650038
Advanced Characterization of Available not Conventional Mediterranean Biomass Solid Fuels for Ash Related Issues in Thermochemical Processes 229
De Fusco L., Jeanmart H., Contino F., Blondeau J. DOI:10.3303/CET1650039
Hydrotermal Carbonization (htc) of Corncob and Characterization of the Obtained Hydrochar 235
Arellano O., Flores M., Guerra J., Hidalgo A., Rojas D., Strubinger A. DOI:10.3303/CET1650040
Validation of a Small Scale Woody Biomass Downdraft Gasification Plant Coupled with Gas Engine 241
Gabbrielli R., Seggiani M., Frigo S., Puccini M., Vitolo S., Raggio G., Puccioni F. DOI:10.3303/CET1650041
Gasds: a Kinetic-based Package for Biomass and Coal Gasification 247
Cabianca L., Bassani A., Amaral A.F., Rossi F., Bozzano G., Ranzi E., Telen D., Logist F., Van Impe J., Manenti F. DOI:10.3303/CET1650042
Catalytic Wall Flow Filters for Soot Abatement from Biomass Boilers 253
Palma V., Meloni E., Caldera M., Lipari D., Pignatelli V., Gerardi V. DOI:10.3303/CET1650043
Multifunctional Hdo/selective Cracking Ni/hbea Catalysts to Produce Jet Fuel and Diesel from Bio-oils 259
Abate S., Giorgianni G., Lanzafame P., Perathoner S., Centi G. DOI:10.3303/CET1650044
Torrefaction. Prospects and Application 265
Kuzmina J., Sytchev G., Zaychenko V. DOI:10.3303/CET1650045
Fluidized Bed Combustion of a Lignin-based Slurry 271
Miccio F., Solimene R., Urciuolo M., Brachi P., Miccio M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650046
Clostridium Carboxidivorans’ Surface Characterization Using Contact Angle Measurement (cam) 277
Coelho F., Nele M., Ribeiro R., Ferreira T., Amaral P. DOI:10.3303/CET1650047
Mobile Plant for Biodiesel Production from Jatropha Seeds, in Colombian Caribbean Regions 283
Acevedo P., Cabeza I., Puello J., Benedetti E. DOI:10.3303/CET1650048
Production of 1,3-propanediol by Clostridium Butyricum Growing on Biodiesel Derived Glycerol 289
Martins F., Saab V., Ribeiro C., Coelho M.A., Ferreira T. DOI:10.3303/CET1650049
Alkylation of Isopropanol with Ethanol over Heterogeneous Catalysts 295
Zharova P., Chistyakov A., Tsodikov M., Nikolaev S., Corbetta M., Manenti F. DOI:10.3303/CET1650050
Waste Cooking Oil Biodiesel via Hydrodynamic Cavitation on a Diesel Engine Performance and Greenhouse Gas Footprint Reduction 301
Chuah L.F., Aziz A.R.A., Yusup S., Klemes J.J., Bokhari A. DOI:10.3303/CET1650051
High Lactic Acid Production from Molasses and Hydrolyzed Sugarcane Bagasse 307
Oliveira R.A.D., Maciel Filho R., Vaz Rossel C.E. DOI:10.3303/CET1650052
Predictive Thermodynamic Modelling of Liquid-liquid-vapor-fluid (llvf) Equilibrium in Synthetic Hydrocarbon Synthesis from Syngas 313
Freitas A.C.D., Guirardello R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650053
Biodiesel Production via Hydrodynamic Cavitation: Numerical Study of New Geometrical Arrangements 319
Ladino J.A., Herrera J., Malagon D., Prisciandaro M., Piemonte V., Capocelli M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650054
Pressurized Entrained Flow Gasification of Pulverized Biomass - Experiences from Pilot Scale Operation 325
Weiland F., Hedman H., Wiinikka H., Marklund M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650055
Modeling and Simulating Complete Extractive Distillation Process of Ethanol-water Mixture Using Equilibrium-stage Distillation Model and Efficiency Correlations (barros & Wolf) on Emso Platform 331
Villarroel Rojas J., Stinguel L., Wolf-Maciel M.R., Guirardello R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650056
Particle Size Influence on the Chemical Composition from Waste Eucalyptus in the Processing for Industrial Production of Cellulose Pulp 337
Sanchez Penalva P. Neto F., Aparecida De Lucca E., Masarin F. DOI:10.3303/CET1650057
Biomass Resources
Assessment of Global Sustainability of Bioenergy Production in a Water-food-energy Perspective 343
Moioli E., Manenti F., Rulli M.C. DOI:10.3303/CET1650058
Assessment of the Energy Potential of Agricultural Residues in Non-interconnected Zones of Colombia: Case Study of Chocó and Putumayo 349
Rodriguez Caceres K., Blanco Patino F., Araque Duarte J., Kafarov V. DOI:10.3303/CET1650059
Economical Analysis of a Pressurized Fluid-based Process Applied for Phytochemicals Recovery in a Sustainable Biorefinery Concept for Brazilian Ginseng Roots 355
Albarelli J., Vardanega R., Wilkins N., Santos D., Marechal F., Meireles M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650060
Experimental Investigation of the Fuel Properties of Glidfuel, Palm Oil Mill Effluent Biodiesel and Blends 361
Hossain A., Nyah J., Ahmad A., Omran A., Davies P. DOI:10.3303/CET1650061
Implementation of Waste Cellulosic Fibres Into Building Materials 367
Stevulova N., Schwarzova I., Hospodarova V., Junak J. DOI:10.3303/CET1650062
Innovative Use of Plant Wastes- Hemp Hurds Slices 373
Cigasova J., Stevulova N., Schwarzova I. DOI:10.3303/CET1650063
Evaluation of Microstrutcture of Açaí Seeds Biomass Untreated and Treated with H2so4 and Naoh by Sem, Rdx and Ftir 379
Oliveira J.A.R., Komesu A., Martins L.H., Maciel Filho R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650064
Evaluation of the Effect of Two Types of Fertilizer on the Growth, Development and Productivity of Hydroponic Green Forage Oat (avena Sativa L.) and Ryegrass (lolium Multiflorum Lam.) as a Biomass Source 385
Suarez Rivero D., Sua Villamil A.M., Marin Mahecha O., Mejia Teran A., Suarez Rivero M., Santis Navarro A.M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650065
Characterization of the Rambutan Peels Fiber (nephelium Lappaceum) as a Lignocellulosic Material for Technological Applications 391
Oliveira E., Santos J., Goncalves A.P., Mattedi S., Jose N. DOI:10.3303/CET1650066
Obtainment and Characterization of Lignin from Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Sugarcane Bagasse of E2g Process in Pilot Scale 397
Menezes F., Rocha G., Maciel Filho R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650067
Achivement and Characterization of Cellulose Nanowhiskers of Palm (elaeis Guineensis) and Bromelia Fibers (neoglaziovia Variegate) 403
Goncalves A.P., Cruz A., Sales J., Souza M., Silva F., Guimaraes D., Mattedi S., Jose N. DOI:10.3303/CET1650068
Cultivation of Three Microalgae Strains Under Mixotrophic Conditions for Biodiesel Production 409
Rios L., Da Silva C., Tasic M., Wolf-Maciel M.R., Maciel Filho R. DOI:10.3303/CET1650069
The Effect of Magnetic and Electromagnetic Fields on the Morpho-anatomical Characteristics of Corn (zea Mays L.) During Biomass Production 415
Suarez Rivero D., Ortiz Aguilar J., Marin Mahecha O., Velásquez Perilla P.E., Acevedo P., Santis Navarro A.M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650070
Biomass Policies
Life Cycle Assessment of Technologies for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction in Sugarcane Biorefineries 421
Chagas M., Cavalett O., Klein B., Maciel Filho R., Bonomi A. DOI:10.3303/CET1650071
Public Perception of Renewable Energy Chain: an Integrated Evaluation Based on Semantic Differential Approach and Multi-criteria Analysis 427
Sacchelli S., Cipollaro M. DOI:10.3303/CET1650072
Life Cycle Analysis and Multi-objective Optimization of Jatropha Curcas as a Sustainable Biodiesel Feedstock in Argentina 433
Beaver A., González Castano F.A., Diaz M.S. DOI:10.3303/CET1650073
Techno-economic and Environmental Assessment of second Generation Ethanol: Short and Long Term Prospects 439
Bonomi A., Junqueira T., Chagas M., Gouveia V., Watanabe M., Cavalett O. DOI:10.3303/CET1650074