CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS - VOL.63
Guest Editors: Jeng Shiun Lim, Wai Shin Ho, Jirí J. Klemeš
Copyright © 2018, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l.,
ISBN 978-88-95608-61-7;
ISSN 2283-9216

Table of Contents & Authors Index
DOI
   
Pre- and Post-Treatment Assessment for the Anaerobic Digestion of Lignocellulosic Waste: P-graph 1
Yee Van Fan, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Chew Tin Lee DOI: 10.3303/CET1863001
   
Fabrication and Fuel Cell Performance of Lathanum-Doped Cerium Diphosphate Electrolyte 7
Thanh-Hao Nguyen, Minh-Vien Le DOI: 10.3303/CET1863002
   
Tree Canopy Cover and Its Potential to Reduce CO2 in South of Peninsular Malaysia 13
Kasturi Devi Kanniah, Chin Siong Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863003
   
GHG Emissions Reduction by Improving Efficiency of Utilities’ Transport and Use and Cross-Sectorial Energy Integration 19
Andreja Nemet, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Zdravko Kravanja DOI: 10.3303/CET1863004
   
Impact of Land Cover Change on Urban Surface Temperature in Iskandar Malaysia 25
Afsaneh Sheikhi, Kasturi Devi Kanniah DOI: 10.3303/CET1863005
   
Total Site Utility System Structural Design Using P-graph 31
Timothy G. Walmsley, Xuexiu Jia, Matthias Philipp, Andreja Nemet, Peng Yen Liew, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Petar S. Varbanov DOI: 10.3303/CET1863006
   
CO2 Emission and Reduction of Tourist Transportation at Koh Mak Island, Thailand 37
Phongthep Hanpattanakit, Luethaipat Pimonsree, Angsumalin Jamnongchob, Anusorn Boonpoke DOI: 10.3303/CET1863007
   
Comprehensive Evaluation of Power Generation Methods by Inclusive Impact Index 43
Shunsuke Muneno, Koji Otsuka DOI: 10.3303/CET1863008
   
Optimisation of Model-based Fertiliser Formulation for Sustainable Agriculture 49
Nur Amalina Mohd Nor, Siti Hajjar Che Man, Norfhairna Baharulrazi, Nor Alafiza Yunus DOI: 10.3303/CET1863009
   
Geographic Mapping of Tube Wells and Assessment of Saltwater Intrusion in the Coastal Areas of La Union 55
Leonora E. Ngilangil, Desiree A. Vilar, Jacklyn C. Andrada, Jomar J. Lucena DOI: 10.3303/CET1863010
   
Green Maintenance for Heritage Buildings: Low Carbon Laterite Stones Repair Appraisal 61
Brit Anak Kayan, Imaduddin Abdul Halim, Nurush Syahadah Mahmud DOI: 10.3303/CET1863011
   
Assessing China’s Waste Management Activities Using a Computable General Equilibrium Model 67
Gen Li, Toshihiko Masul DOI: 10.3303/CET1863012
   
Review on the Characteristic and Feasibility of Leachate for Biogas Production by Anaerobic Digestion 73
Cassendra Phun Chien Bong, Li Yee Lim, Chew Tin Lee, Wai Shin Ho, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš DOI: 10.3303/CET1863013
   
Synchronising Ministry of Agriculture Target With Emission Mitigation Action Target: Case Study of Indonesia Towards 2030 79
Marissa Malahayati, Toshihiko Masui DOI: 10.3303/CET1863014
   
A Review on Application of Microorgarnisms for Organic Waste Management 85
Chee Woh Leow, Yee Van Fan, Lee Suan Chua, Ida Idayu Muhamad, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Chew Tin Lee DOI: 10.3303/CET1863015
   
Isolate New Microalgal Strain for Biodiesel Production and Using FTIR Spectroscopy for Assessment of Pollutant Removal from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) 91
Hesam Kamyab, Shreeshivadasan Chelliapan, Mohd Fadhil Md Din, Chew Tin Lee, Shahabaldin Rezania, Tayebeh Khademi, Cassendra Phun Chien Bong DOI: 10.3303/CET1863016
   
“Bantay Tambutso” Project Implementation for Reducing Air Pollution: The DMMMSU-NLUC, Philippines Experience 97
Desiree A. Vilar, Leonora E. Ngilangil, Jacklyn C. Andrada, Jomar J. Lucena DOI: 10.3303/CET1863017
   
Assessment of GIS Capabilities of LGUs of the Province of La Union, Phlippines : Basis for Action Plan 103
Jomar J. Lucena DOI: 10.3303/CET1863018
   
Environmental Protection Through The “Grinning Bulilit” Project in Bacnotan, La Union, Philippines 109
Jacklyn C. Andrada, Leonora E. Ngilangil, Desiree A. Vilar, Jomar J. Lucena DOI: 10.3303/CET1863019
   
Photocatalytic CO2-Hydrogen Conversion via RWGSR over Ni/TiO2 Nanocatalyst Dispersed in Layered MMT Nanoclay 115
Beenish Tahir, Muhammad Tahir, Nor Aishah Saidina Amin DOI: 10.3303/CET1863020
   
System Reliability, Footprints and Sustainability 121
Ákos Orosz, Ferenc Friedler, Petar S. Varbanov, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš DOI: 10.3303/CET1863021
   
Ultimate and Proximate Analysis of Malaysia Pineapple Biomass from MD2 Cultivar for Biofuel Application 127
Adila Maisyarah Mansor, Jeng Shiun Lim, Farid Nasir Ani, Haslenda Hashim, Wai Shin Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863022
   
Effect of pH on growth rate and yield of Cucumis sativus 133
Nor Farah Lyana Affandi, Siti Hajar Rusli, Azizul Mohd Suhaini, Norfhairna Baharulrazi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863023
   
Rice Cultivation to Cope with Drought Situation by Alternate Wet and Dry (AWD) Water Management System: Case Study of Ratchaburi Province, Thailand 139
Patikorn Sriphirom, Amnat Chidthaisong, Sirintornthep Towprayoon DOI: 10.3303/CET1863024
   
Carbon Emission and Landfill Footprint Constrained for Waste Management using Cascade Analysis 145
Khairunnisa Izzati Othman, Jeng Shiun Lim, Wai Shin Ho, Haslenda Hashim, Ainur Munirah Hafizan DOI: 10.3303/CET1863025
   
Relative Importance Index of Sustainable Design and Construction Activities Criteria for Green Highway 151
Raja Rafidah Raja Muhammad Rooshdi, Muhd Zaimi Abd Majid, Shaza Rina Sahamir, Noor Akmal Adillah Ismail DOI: 10.3303/CET1863026
   
A Technique to Smartly Re-Use Alkaline Solution In Lignocellulose Pre-treatment 157
Quan Dinh Nguyen, Thi Kim Phung Le, Tuong An Thi Tran DOI: 10.3303/CET1863027
   
Inventory of Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Phayao Province - An Agricultural City in Thailand 163
Eva Novita Sari, Kritana Prueksakorn, Jorge Carlos Gonzalez, Tanwa Arpornthip, Thanita Areerob, Chotima Pornsawang, Sittichai Pimonsree DOI: 10.3303/CET1863028
   
Techno-economic Assessment of an Integration of Algae-based Biorefinery with Palm Oil Mill 169
Nur Nabila Abdul Hamid, Jeng Shiun Lim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863029
   
Review of Alternative Fuel Initiatives for Leaded Aviation Gasoline (AVGAS) Replacement 175
Thanikasalam Kumar, Rahmat Mohsin, Mohammad Fahmi Abdul Ghafir, Ilanchelvi Kumar, Ananth Manickam Wash DOI: 10.3303/CET1863030
   
Concerns over Use of Leaded Aviation Gasoline (AVGAS) Fuel 181
Thanikasalam Kumar, Rahmat Mohsin, Mohammad Fahmi Abdul Ghafir, Ilanchelvi Kumar, Ananth Manickam Wash DOI: 10.3303/CET1863031
   
Review on the Suitability of Waste for Appropriate Waste-to-Energy Technology 187
Mazalan Maisarah, Cassendra Phun Chien Bong, Wai Shin Ho, Jeng Shiun Lim, Zarina Ab Muis, Haslenda Hashim, Sherien Elagroudy, Gabriel Ling Hoh Teck, Chin Siong Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863032
   
Measurement of CO2 Absorption in a 4M Aqueous Solution of 3-Amino-1-Propanol for CO2 Removal 193
Rossukon Nimcharoen, Kreangkrai Maneeintr, Tawatchai Charinpanitkul DOI: 10.3303/CET1863033
   
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis for Evaluating Sustainable Lifts Design of Public Hospital Buildings 199
Shaza Rina Sahamir, Rozana Zakaria, Raja Rafidah Raja Muhammad Rooshdi, Mohamad Asfia Adenan, Siti Mazzuana Shamsuddin, Nur Izieadiana Abidin, Noor Akmal Adillah Ismail, Eeydzah Aminudin DOI: 10.3303/CET1863034
   
Grape Processing By-Product as a Source of Nutraceutical Componenets 205
Phung Thi Kim Le, Huy Pham Hoang Vo, Quan Thi Hong Vu, Tuyet Thi Ngoc Nguyen, Kien Anh Le DOI: 10.3303/CET1863035
   
Extended Indicators for Total Site Targeting 211
Xuexiu Jia, Petar S. Varbanov, Timothy G. Walmsley, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš, Xiao-Ying Ren, Zhi-Yong Liu DOI: 10.3303/CET1863036
   
CO2 Geological Storage Coupled with Water Alternating Gas for Enhanced Oil Recovery 217
Huttapong Yoosook, Kreangkrai Maneeintr DOI: 10.3303/CET1863037
   
Experimental and Computational Fluid Dynamics Investigation of Rice Husk Updraft Gasifier with Various Gasification Agents 223
Khoa Anh Tran, Phung Thi Kim Le, Viet Vuong Pham, Thien Luu Minh Nguyen, Truc Thanh Nguyen, Tu Ngoc Tran, Kien Anh Le DOI: 10.3303/CET1863038
   
Mixture of MEA/2-MAE for Effective CO2 Capture from Flue Gas Stream 229
Kreangkrai Maneeintr, Katanyuta Photien, Tawatchai Charinpanitkul DOI: 10.3303/CET1863039
   
Sustainable BIM-Based Cost Estimating for Quantity Surveyors 235
Noor Akmal Adillah Ismail, Nur Hidayah Idris, Hazwani Ramli, Shaza Rina Sahamir, Raja Rafidah Raja Muhammad Rooshdi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863040
   
Ecolabelling and Sustainable Public Procurement to Promote Sustainable Consumption and Production In Thailand 241
Rattanawan Mungkung, Kannika Sorakon, Shabbir Gheewala DOI: 10.3303/CET1863041
   
Life Cycle Assessment of Hempstone for Green Buildings 247
Rattanawan Mungkung, Singh Intrachooto, Nathapon Srisuwanpip, Anyarat Lamai, Kannika Sorakon, Kittwan Kittipakornkarn DOI: 10.3303/CET1863042
   
Potential of Energy Recovery from an Integrated Palm Oil Mill with Biogas Power Plant 253
Boon Siang Tan, Haslenda Hashim, Zarina Ab Muis, Nor Alafiza Yunus, Wai Shin Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863043
   
Survey of Resident Behaviour Related to Air Conditioner Operation in Low-Cost Apartments of Kuala Lumpur 259
Sheikh Ahmad Zaki, Nur Fadhila Mat Hanip, Aya Hagishima, Fitri Yakub, Mohamd Sukri Mat Ali DOI: 10.3303/CET1863044
   
Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) Biogas Techno-Economic Analysis for Utilisation as Bio Compressed Natural Gas 265
Aminullah Mohtar, Wai Shin Ho, Ahmad Muzammil Idris, Haslenda Hashim, Jeng Shiun Lim, Peng Yen Liew, Gabriel Ling Hoh Teck, Chin Siong Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863045
   
Water-Energy Nexus Cascade Analysis (WENCA) for Simultaneous Water-Energy System Optimisation 271
Ahmad Muzammil Idris, Wai Shin Ho, Liu Wen Hui, Ahmad Fakrul Ramli, Aminullah Mohtar, Haslenda Hashim, Zarina Ab Muis, Jeng Shiun Lim, Peng Yen Liew DOI: 10.3303/CET1863046
   
City Carbon Footprint Evaluation and Forecasting Case Study: Dan Sai Municipality 277
Netchanakan Sununta, Surat Sedpho, Sate Sampattagul DOI: 10.3303/CET1863047
   
Compressor Shaft Work Targeting using New Numerical Exergy Problem Table Algorithm (Ex-PTA) in Sub-Ambient Processes 283
Muhammad Nurheilmi Hamsani, Peng Yen Liew, Timothy G. Walmsley, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863048
   
The Implementation of Lean Construction Tools in Malaysia 289
Mohd Arif Marhani, Nor Azmi Ahmad Bari, Khairani Ahmad, Aini Jaapar DOI: 10.3303/CET1863049
   
The Implementation of Lean Construction Tools: Findings from a Qualitative Study 295
Mohd Arif Marhani, Nor Azmi Ahmad Bari, Khairani Ahmad, Aini Jaapar DOI: 10.3303/CET1863050
   
Assessment of Heavy Metals in Sediment at Saphan Hin, Phuket 301
Pensirim Akkajit, Kaimook Jaileak, Thongchai Suteersak, Kritana Prueksakorn DOI: 10.3303/CET1863051
   
Role of Energy Efficiency in a Low Carbon Transformation of India 307
Subash Dhar, Minal Pathak, P R Shukla DOI: 10.3303/CET1863052
   
Optimisation of Energy Usage in Ceramic Kiln Using Pinch Technique 313
Kien Anh Le DOI: 10.3303/CET1863053
   
Acceptability of Sustainable Green Practices: Perception of Electrical & Electronics Manufacturing SMEs 319
Peter Yacob, Nurliyana Maludin, Nur Syaheeda Aziz, Suresh Nodesan, Adi Wira Mohd Zin, Lee Eng Keong DOI: 10.3303/CET1863054
   
Awareness on Green Purchasing Amongst Construction Organisations 325
Atikah Abdul Rahim, Nurul Afida Isnaini Janipha, Faridah Ismail DOI: 10.3303/CET1863055
   
Business Model for Commercialisation the Compressed Bio-methane Gas by Substituting Conventional Fossil Fuels in the Thai Industrial Sector 331
Waranya Thepsaskul, Wongkot Wongsapai, Sirichai Koonnaphapdeelert, Chatchawan Chaichana, Sopit Daroon DOI: 10.3303/CET1863056
   
Effects of Household-related Factors on Residential Direct CO2 Emissions in Thailand from 1993 to 2015: A Decomposition Analysis 337
Kittikun Poolsawat, Wongkot Wongsapai DOI: 10.3303/CET1863057
   
Environmental Impacts of Construction and Demolition Waste Management Alternatives 343
Chooi Mei Mah, Takeshi Fujiwara, Chin Siong Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863058
   
A Review on the Impacts of Compost on Soil Nitrogen Dynamics 349
Li Yee Lim, Chew Tin Lee, Cassendra Phun Chien Bong, Jeng Shiun Lim, Mohamad Roji Sarmidi, Jirí Jaromír Klemeš DOI: 10.3303/CET1863059
   
Challenges and Lessons Learnt from a Community-based Food Waste Composting Project in Johor 355
Nur Farzana Ahmad Sanadi, Norfhairna Baharulrazi, Nur Naha Abu Mansor, Takeshi Fujiwara, Chew Tin Lee DOI: 10.3303/CET1863060
   
Properties Enhancement of Polylactic Acid Biocomposite 361
Zurina Mohamad, Nur Syahida Nafisah Nordin, Norhayani Othman, Nurfhairna Baharulrazi, Siti Hajjar Che Man, Mazura Jusoh, Rohah A. Majid DOI: 10.3303/CET1863061
   
Effect of Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) and Rice Husk on pH of Soilless Media and Yield of Cucumis Sativus 367
Siti Hajar Rusli, Siti Maizatul Farhain Salehuddin, Nor Farah Lyana Affandi, Siti Hajjar Che Man, Zurina Mohamad, Alafiza Yunus, Azizul Mohd Suhaini, Norfhairna Baharulrazi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863062
   
Pineapple Leaves Fiber (PALF) Crosslinked with Chitosan for Antimicrobial Properties 373
Norazreen A. Jalil, Norfhairna Baharulrazi, Zurina Mohamad, Muhammad Mustapha, Siti Hajjar Che Man DOI: 10.3303/CET1863063
   
Direct and Indirect Integration of Organic Rankine Cycle in Total Site 379
Norhafiza Kamarudin, Peng Yen Liew, Nurfatehah Wahyuny Che Jusoh, Wai Shin Ho, Jeng Shiun Lim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863064
   
Identification of Suitable Trees for Urban Parks and Roadsides in Iskandar Malaysia 385
Rohayu Abdullah, Kasturi Devi Kanniah, Chin Siong Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863065
   
Green Corridors for Liveable and Walkable City: A Case of Kuala Lumpur 391
Fateen Nabilla Rasli, Kasturi Devi Kanniah DOI: 10.3303/CET1863066
   
Greenhouse Gas Emission and Mitigation from Sports Tourism in Benja Burapha Cycling Rally, Sa Kaeo, Thailand 397
Chaiwatchara Promjittiphong, Jutatip Junead, Phongthep Hanpattanakit DOI: 10.3303/CET1863067
   
Process Optimisation of Effective Partition Constant in Coconut Water via Progressive Freeze Concentration 403
Mazura Jusoh, Noor Naimah Mohamed, Norshafika Yahya, Rohashimah Musa, Zurina Mohamad, Norzita Ngadi, Roshanida A. Rahman, Anwar Johari, Zaki Yamani Zakaria DOI: 10.3303/CET1863068
   
The Effect of Amount Oxidizing Agent and Reaction Time on the Properties of Hydroxyl Terminated Epoxidized Natural Rubber (HTENR) via Oxidative Degradation 409
Siti Maizatul Farhain Salehuddin, Norfhairna Baharulrazi, Nor Erma Shuhadah Abd Razak, Siti Hajjar Che Man, Hussin Mohd Nor, Wan Khairuddin Wan Ali DOI: 10.3303/CET1863069
   
Optimisation of Wastewater Volume of Single Chamber Biological Cathodic Protection System 415
Wan Nor Azita W Ali, Anis Fitri Afira Azman, Mohd Dinie Muhaimin Samsudin, Muaz Mohd Zaini Makhtar, Norazana Ibrahim, Rafiziana Md Kasmani DOI: 10.3303/CET1863070
   
Effect of pH at Anode and Cathode Chamber on the Performance of Biological Cathodic Protection 421
Anis Fitri Afira Azman, Wan Nor Azita W Ali, Muhaimin Samsudin, Muaz Mohd Zaini Makhtar, Norazana Ibrahim, Rafiziana Md. Kasmani DOI: 10.3303/CET1863071
   
An Outlook on Strategic Framework Development Needs of Roles and Involvement of Joint Property Management in High Rise Green Buildings in Malaysia 427
Darul Nafis Abas, Rozana Zakaria, Eeydzah Aminuddin, Redzuan Abdullah, Jam Shahzaib Khan, Shaza Rina Sahamir DOI: 10.3303/CET1863072
   
Design of Surfactant for Water in Diesel Emulsion Fuel for Designing Eco-Frienly Fuel 433
Shah Aznie Ariffin Kashinath, Haslenda Hashim, Nor Alafiza Yunus, Azizul Azri Mustaffa DOI: 10.3303/CET1863073
   
Development of a Framework for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Accounting for Industry Reporting 439
Laila Sakinah Jusoh, Haslenda Hashim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863074
   
Spatial Biomass Resource Planning Framework for Co-firing under Carbon Policy Scheme 445
Muhammad Nurariffudin, Haslenda Hashim, Chew Tin Lee DOI: 10.3303/CET1863075
   
Techno-economic Assessment of Integrated Power Plant with Methanation 451
Siti Norlaila Faeizah Mohd Rudin, Zarina Ab Muis, Haslenda Hashim, Wai Shin Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863076
   
Development of Tea Waste/Kapok Fiber Composite Paper 457
Rohah A. Majid, Zurina Mohamad, Rafidah Rusman, Ainur Asyikin Zulkornain, Nurshaleeza Abdul Halim, Mohammad Abdullah, Jiun Hor Low DOI: 10.3303/CET1863077
   
Preparation of Ti-SO3H/ICG Using Microwave-Assisted for Esterification of Palm Fatty Acid Distillate to Methyl Ester 463
Nur Nazlina Saimon, Suwew Thavil, Mazura Jusoh, Norzita Ngadi, Zaki Yamani Zakaria DOI: 10.3303/CET1863078
   
Low-Carbon Ability of Neighbourhood Public Open Space (POS) Governance: Explanation from Social-Ecological System and New Institutional Economics 469
Gabriel Ling Hoh Teck, Chau Loon Wai, Chin Siong Ho, Hishamuddin Mohd Ali DOI: 10.3303/CET1863079
   
Prospect of Aquaponics for the Sustainable Development of Food Production in Urban 475
Chunjie Li, Chew Tin Lee, Yueshu Gao, Haslenda Hashim, Xiaojun Zhang, Wei-Min Wu, Zhenjia Zhang DOI: 10.3303/CET1863080
   
Circular Economy (CE): A Framework towards Sustainable Low Carbon Development in Pengerang, Johor, Malaysia 481
Muhammad Akmal Hakim Bin Hishammuddin, Gabriel Ling Hoh Teck, Loon Wai Chau, Chin Siong Ho, Wai Shin Ho, Ahmad Muzammil Idris DOI: 10.3303/CET1863081
   
An Enhanced Tool for Heat Exchanger Network Retrofit Towards Cleaner Processes 487
Yee Qing Lai, Zainuddin Abdul Manan, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863082
   
Value-added Waste Potential of Wastewater Sludge from Pharmaceutical Industry: A Review 493
Siti Norlaila Faeizah Mohd Rudin, Hazrul Adzfar bin Shabri, Zarina Ab Muis, Haslenda Hashim, Wai Shin Ho DOI: 10.3303/CET1863083
   
Application of Water Lettuce (Pistia S.) Conductive Carbon in Electrochemical Capacitor 499
Nirwan Syarif, Ahmad Maqom Mahmuda, Sri Haryati, Eka Yunita, Wulandhari Sudarsono, Chew Tin Lee DOI: 10.3303/CET1863084
   
Sustainable Ash-Based Geopolymers 505
Vayos G. Karayannis, Konstantinos G. Moustakas, Apostolos N. Baklavaridis, Asimina E. Domopoulou DOI: 10.3303/CET1863085
   
Production Decision Support System for Multi-product with Multiple Different Size Processors 511
Lee Pheng Chee, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Jeng Shiun Lim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863086
   
Adsorption and Photocatalytic Study of Integrated Photocatalyst Adsorbent (IPCA) using LaFeO3-GO Nanocomposites for Removal of Synthetic Dyes 517
Norsyazwani Yahya, Arif Aizat, Muhammad A. H. Sahrudin, Farhana Aziz, Juhana Jaafar, Woei J. Lau, Norhaniza Yusof, Wan N. W. Salleh DOI: 10.3303/CET1863087
   
Double Emulsion (Water-in-Oil-in-Water) System in Succinic Acid Extraction - A Stability Study 523
Norela Jusoh, Norul Fatiha Mohamed Noah, Norasikin Othman DOI: 10.3303/CET1863088
   
Estimation of the Surface Area of a Screen-Printed Carbon Electrode Modified with Gold Nanoparticles and Cysteine using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy 529
Teh Ubaidah Noh, Azila Abd. Aziz DOI: 10.3303/CET1863089
   
Methodology on Scaling-down of Membrane Separation Process into Microfluidic Platform 535
Muhd Nazrul Hisham Zainal Alam, Mohd Johari Kamaruddin, Abbas Kouzani, Krist V. Gernaey DOI: 10.3303/CET1863090
   
Effect of Solvent pH, Microwave Power and Extraction Time on Microwave-Assisted Extraction of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis 541
Yanti Maslina Mohd Jusoh, Amirah Adlina Idris, Nozieana Khairuddin, Dayang Norulfairuz Abang Zaidel, Zanariah Hashim, Nik A. N. Mahmooda, Zaki Yamani Zakaria, Ida Idayu Muhamad DOI: 10.3303/CET1863091
   
Cultivation of Pleurotus Ostreatus on Oil Palm Fronds Mixed with Rubber Tree Sawdust 547
Noorhalieza Ali, Hazimah Khairudin, Muna Mohamed, Onn Hassan DOI: 10.3303/CET1863092
   
Study on the effects of Carbohydrate-Protein-Coconut Oil on the Viability of Lactobacillus Bulgaricus during Spray Drying, Simulated Gastrointestinal Conditions and Unrefrigerated Storage by Simplex-Lattice Mixture Design 553
Nor Zalina Othman, Nur hidayah Shadan, Solleh Ramli, Mohamad Roji Sarmidi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863093
   
Process Development of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Gasification by using Fluidised Bed Reactor for Hydrogen Gas Production 559
Siti Suhaili Shahlan, Kamarizan Kidam, Ljiljana Medic-Pejic, Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah, Mohamad Wijayanuddin Ali, Zaki Yamani Zakaria DOI: 10.3303/CET1863094
   
Process Hazard Analysis of Gasification Process by using Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch as Feedstock 565
Siti Suhaili Shahlan, Mohamad Wijayanuddin Ali, Kamarizan Kidam, Tuan Amran Tuan Abdullah DOI: 10.3303/CET1863095
   
Effect of Particle Size on the Explosive Characteristics of Grain (Wheat) Starch in a Closed Cylindrical Vessel 571
Anwar Ameen Hezam Saeed, Nur Nazlina Saimon, Mohamad Wijayanuddin Ali, Kamarizan Kidam, Yanti Maslina Jusoh, Mazura Jusoh, Zaki Yamani Zakaria DOI: 10.3303/CET1863096
   
Optimisation of Alpha Mangostin Extraction Using Supercritical CO2 from Garcinia Mangostana 577
Mariani Abdul Hamid, Norshamiza Abu Bakar, Chang Seo Park, Faiqah Ramli, Wan Rosli Wan DOI: 10.3303/CET1863097
   
Design of Solvent for Palm Oil Recovery using Computational-Aided Approach 583
Nor Alafiza Yunus, Norlela Mohamad Zaki, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863098
   
Synthesis of Magnetic Cellulose as Flocculant for Pre- Treatment of Anaerobically Treated Palm Oil Mill Effluent 589
Mohamed Hizam Mohamed Noor, Norzita Ngadi, Wong Syie Luing DOI: 10.3303/CET1863099
   
Optimisation of Essential Oil Yield and Zerumbone Content in Zingiber Zerumbet Extract Using Hydrodistillation Process 595
Noor Amirah Azelan, Ramlan Aziz, Rosnani Hasham DOI: 10.3303/CET1863100
   
The Effects of Conventional and Microwave Heating Techniques on Extraction Yield of Orthosiphon Stamineus Leaves 601
Mohd Johari Kamaruddin, Saidatul Raihana Abdul Hamid, Syahmi Izzati Ali Othman, Muhd Nazrul Hisham Zainal Alam, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, Zaki Yamani Zakaria DOI: 10.3303/CET1863101
   
Development of Immobilised Bioanode for Microbial Fuel Cell 607
Khairul Aswad Abdul Wahab, Amirul Amin Ahmad Nazri, Ahmad Arttirmeedzee Mohd Azam, Nazlee Faisal Ghazali, Eraricar Md Salleh, Nik Azmi Nik Mahmood DOI: 10.3303/CET1863102
   
Volumetric Shrinkage of Compacted Soil Liner for Sustainable Waste Landfill 613
Yamusa Bello Yamusa, Kamarudin Ahmad, Norhan Abd Rahman, Radzuan Sa’ari, Nor Zurairahetty Yunus, Ahmad Rashida DOI: 10.3303/CET1863103
   
The Influence of Silicon Carbide Particulate Loading on Tensile, Compressive and Impact Strengths of Al-Sicp Composite for Sustainable Development 619
Hassan Mudathir Abdulsalam, Ofor Tochukwu. Charles, Babakano Ahmed, Moveh Samuel DOI: 10.3303/CET1863104
   
Enhancing Waste Management in Technical and Vocational Jobs through Information Technology 625
Augustina Chinweoke Anyigor-Ogah, Ernest Ituma Egba DOI: 10.3303/CET1863105
   
Achieving a Sustainable Environment using Numerical Method for the Solution of Advection Equation in Fluid Dynamics 631
Olusegun Adeyemi Olaiju, Yeak Su Hoe, Ezekiel Babatunde Ogunbode, Jonathan Kehinde Fabi, Ernest Ituma Egba DOI: 10.3303/CET1863106
   
Characteristics of Chicken Slaughterhouse Wastewater 637
Maizatul Azrina Yaakob, Radin Maya Saphira Radin Mohamed, Adel Ali Saeed Al-Gheethi, Amir Hashim Mohd Kassim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863107
   
Quantifying the Embodied Carbon of a Low Energy Alternative Method of Construction (AMC) House in Nigeria 643
Liman Alhaji Saba, Mohad Hamdan Ahmad, Roshida Binti Abdul Majid DOI: 10.3303/CET1863108
   
Determining the Properties of Green Laterized Concrete with Fly Ash for Sustainable Solid Waste Management 649
Ezekiel Babatunde Ogunbode, Ernest Ituma Egba, Olusegun Adeyemi Olaiju, Charles Nimibofa Johnson, Danboyi Joseph Amusuk, Yakubu Aminu Dodo DOI: 10.3303/CET1863109
   
Process Simulation of Bis (2- hydroxyethyl) terephthalate and Its Recovery Using Two–stage Evaporation Systems 655
Ademola Bolanle Raheem, Azman Bin Hassan, Zainura Zainon Noor, Sani Bin Samsudin, Mohd Abd Hamid, Aliyu Bello, Olagoke Oladokun, Ali Hussein Sabeen, Ahmad Shamiri DOI: 10.3303/CET1863110
   
Workers’ Compliance with Measures for Safe Environment in Quarry Industries in Abakaliki Town of Ebonyi State, Nigeria 661
Cajetan Ikechukwu Ilo, Patrick Ogbodo Njoku, Ignatius Obilor Nwimo, Nwamaka Agbe Elom, Scholarstica Amuche Orji DOI: 10.3303/CET1863111
   
Effect of Binder to Fine Aggregate Content on Performance of Sustainable Alkali Activated Mortars Incorporating Solid Waste Materials 667
Ghasan Fahim Huseien, Mohammad Ismail, Mahmood Tahir, Jahangir Mirza, Ahmed Hussein, Nur Hafiza Khalid, Noor Nabilah Sarbini DOI: 10.3303/CET1863112
   
Performance of Sustainable Alkali Activated Mortars Containing Solid Waste Ceramic Powder 673
Ghasan Fahim Huseien, Mohammad Ismail, Mahmood Tahir, Jahangir Mirza, Ahmed Hussein, Nur Hafiza Khalid, Noor Nabilah Sarbini DOI: 10.3303/CET1863113
   
Finite Element and Finite Difference Numerical Simulation Comparison for Air Pollution Emission Control to Attain Cleaner Environment 679
Olusegun Adeyemi Olaiju, Yeak Su Hoe, Ezekiel Babatunde Ogunbode DOI: 10.3303/CET1863114
   
Investigation of Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid Migration in Double-Porosity Soil Using Digital Image Analysis 685
Loke Kok Foong, Norhan Abd Rahman, Ramli Nazir, Radzuan Sa’ari, Mushairry Mustaffar DOI: 10.3303/CET1863115
   
Characteristics of the Effluent Wastewater in Sewage Treatment Plants of Malaysian Urban Areas 691
Ali Hussein Sabeen, Norzita Ngadi, Zainura Zainon Noor, Ademola Bolanle Raheem, Farid Agouillal, Abubaker Ali Mohammed, Bala Isah Abdulkarim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863116
   
Industrial Nickel Wastewater Rejection by Polyimide Membrane 697
Jing Ying Chuah, Kok Chung Chong, Soon Onn Lai, Woei Jye Lau, Sze Shin Lee, Hang Meng Ong DOI: 10.3303/CET1863117
   
Optimization of Acid Soluble Collagen Extraction from Indonesian Local “Kacang” Goat Skin and Physico-Chemical Properties Characterization 703
Rina Wahyuningsih, Rusman, Nurliyani, Ambar Pertiwiningrum, Abdul Rohman, Nanung A. Fitriyanto, Yuny Erwanto DOI: 10.3303/CET1863118
   
Optimizing of Protease Purification from Bacillus cereus TD5B by Ammonium Sulfate Precipitation 709
Atik Winarti, Nanung A. Fitriyanto, Jamhari, Ambar Pertiwiningrum, Zaenal Bachruddin, Yudi Pranoto, Yuny Erwanto DOI: 10.3303/CET1863119
   
Investigating the Relationship on CO2, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: A Panel Data Approach 715
Sayed Kushairi B. Sayed Nordin, Sek S. Kun DOI: 10.3303/CET1863120
   
Barriers and Drivers of Whole Life Cycle Costing of Sustainable Facility Management for PPP/PFI Projects in Malaysia 721
Noor Azeyah Khiyon, Sarajul Fikri Mohamed DOI: 10.3303/CET1863121
   
Tensile Properties of Jute-Polypropylene Composites 727
Siti Nadia Mohd Bakhori, Mohamad Zaki Hassan, Sa’ardin Abdul Aziz, Siti Hajar Sheikh Md. Fadzulah, Fauzan Ahmad DOI: 10.3303/CET1863122
   
TiO2 Supported on Brick Waste as Low Cost Photocatalyst for Dye Photodegradation 733
Is Fatimah, Subhi Fadillah, Yulan DOI: 10.3303/CET1863123
   
Synthesis and Application of Green Surfactant from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches’s Lignin for Enhanced Oil Recovery Studies 739
Nurcahyo Iman Prakoso, Suryo Purwono, Rochmadi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863124
   
Tensile Behaviour of Chemical Treatment for Bamboo Epoxy Composites 745
Siti Amni Husna Roslan, Mohamad Zaki Hassan, Zainudin A. Rasid, Haziq Izzuddin Ibrahim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863125
   
The Effect of Potential to Colour and COD Removal from Waste Textile Industry by Electrochemical Method 751
Riyanto Riyanto, Jumardin Rua, Yulanc, Mega Maghfirotul Fajrin, Zaina Rohayati DOI: 10.3303/CET1863126
   
Performance of Soil Stabilized with Carbon Nanomaterials 757
Mohd Raihan Taha, Jamal M. A. Alsharef DOI: 10.3303/CET1863127
   
Optimization of Double Boiling Condition for Kelulut Honey Processing Using Response Surface Methodology 763
Atikah A. Rahman, Akhmazillah M. Fauzi, Faiz Razali DOI: 10.3303/CET1863128
   
The Effect of pH Value on the Corrosion Behaviour of Ti-6Al-4V and 316L SS Alloys under Physiological Environment 769
Ain A. Rozali, Nik R. N. Masdek, Mardziah C. Murad, Zuraidah Salleh, Koay M. Hyie DOI: 10.3303/CET1863129
   
A Development of Piezoelectric Model as an Energy Harvester from Mechanical Vibration 775
Hanim M. Yatim, Fauzi M. Ismail, Shahrul E. Kosnan, Zulhaimi Mohammad, Fatihhi S. Januddi, Adnan Bakri DOI: 10.3303/CET1863130
   
Energy Harvester from Waste Heat using Thermoelectricity 781
Mohd Zul Waqar B. Mohd Tohid, Tunku Muhammad Izzat B. Tunku Baharin, Hanim B. Mohd Yatim, Chia C. Kang., Fatin Ayuni B. Mohd Suhaimi, Muhammad B. Azmi DOI: 10.3303/CET1863131
   
Polypropylene Beads in Water-Based Mud for Cuttings Transportation Improvement 787
Natalie V. Boyou, Issham Ismail, Mohd H. Hamzah, Onuoha M. D. Uche DOI: 10.3303/CET1863132
   
The Analysis of Determinant Factors in Selecting Laboratory Equipment in Chemistry Education Experiment 793
Ferli Septi Irwansyah, Cepy Slamet, Muhammad Ali Ramdhani DOI: 10.3303/CET1863133
   
The Effect of Electron Beam Radiation on Mechanical Stability of Polybutylene Succinate Polymer 799
Munirah Onn, Siti N. A. Zaiton, Zarith S. Othman, Faizal A. Rahman, Khairul Z. M. Dahlan DOI: 10.3303/CET1863134
   
Property Evaluation of Second Generation Biodiesel for Gas Turbine Application 805
Gopinathan Muthaiyah, Kumaran Palanisamy DOI: 10.3303/CET1863135
   
The Effect of Aeration and Hydrogen Peroxide on the Electrochemical Degradation of Methylene Blue Using Carbon Composite Electrodes 811
Riyanto Riyanto, Muhamad Mawazi, Cahyati, Jumardin Rua, Rama Prasetia Ridwan DOI: 10.3303/CET1863136
   
Solvents Extraction Effects on Bioactive Compounds of Ajwa Date (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) Flesh using Mixture Design 817
Sabri Nurul Elma, Khalilah Badarusham, Dzulfadli Rosli, Shamala Salvamani, Mohd Sukri Hassan, Roshada Hashim DOI: 10.3303/CET1863137
   
Enhanced Oil Recovery by Alkaline-Surfactant-Polymer Alternating with Waterflooding 823
Norhafizuddin Husein, Mat H. Yunan, Issham Ismail, Wan Rosli Wan Sulaiman, Natalie V. Boyou DOI: 10.3303/CET1863138